I've created a full disk encryption setup guide. If you complete this guide, you will have an encrypted root and home partition with YubiKey two factor authentication, an encrypted boot partition and UFEI secure boot enabled. Sounds complicated? No, it isn't!

It took me several days to figure out how to set up a fully encrypted machine with 2FA. This guide should help to get it done in some hours (hopefully). There exists a plenty bunch of tutorials. but none contains a step-by-step guide to get the following things done.

  • YubiKey encrypted root (/) and home (/home) folder on separated partitions
  • Encrypted boot (/boot) folder on separated partition
  • UEFI Secure boot with self signed boot loader
  • YubiKey authentication for user login and sudo commands
  • Hooks to auto sign the kernel after an upgrade

You should be familiar with Linux and you should be able to edit files with vi/vim. You need an USB stick for the Linux Live environment and a second computer would be useful for look ups and to read this guide while preparing your fully encrypted Linux. And of course you will need an YubiKey.

Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size       Code  Name
   1            2048            4095   1024.0 KiB  EF02  BIOS boot partition
   2            4096         1232895   600.0 MiB   EF00  EFI System
   3         1232896         2461695   600.0 MiB   8300  Linux filesystem
   4         2461696      2000409230   952.7 GiB   8E00  Linux LVM

The disk partitions will look similar like above and the GRUB boot loader will ask you to unlock the boot partition with a password. After that, you will be asked to unlock the root and home partition with a password and your YubiKey device (2FA). The BIOS will be also protected by a password, otherwise UEFI secure boot can be disabled. But even if this is the case, your root and home partition will still be encrypted. This is maximum security.

At the moment there exists only a guide for Arch Linux, but it should be similar for other Linux distributions. If you want to write a guide for Debian/Ubuntu or any other Linux, don't hesitate to open an issue on GitHub or bring your pull request.

If you like this guide, please spread the word, so everyone can use it and don't forget to star this project on GitHub.